T-Seals

CTG o-rings
CTG can create T-Seals to your exact specifications

Overview


T-seals are used when an O-ring’s outstanding ability to seal over a wide range of pressures and temperatures is required, but an improved solution with greater resistance to extrusion and twisting is also necessary.

T-seals fit into existing O-ring grooves, so no re-machining or redesign of the existing hardware is involved. As a result, field changes and new equipment manufacturing are both made easier.  

CTG’s experienced engineers will custom tailor T-seals to your exact requirements, and manufacture 1 or 1,000 seals to your specifications that same day. 

Design Principle


A T-seal consists of a ring of elastomeric material that has a T-shaped cross section, and two bands of relatively rigid material that belong on either side of the elastomer ring. The ring acts as the sealing component of the unit, and the two rigid bands act as backup rings that prevent extrusion of the elastomer ring into the extrusion gap of the gland.

As a bonus, the backup rings in a T-seal serve an additional purpose: they firmly hold the sealing component to the floor of the gland,
preventing the seal from twisting. As a result, T-seals are practically immune to spiral failure.

For maximum seal longevity, the seal must be constructed from the correct elastomer for the particular application. CTG can build seals
from elastomers that tolerate high or low temperatures, high or low pressures, dynamic applications, and corrosive environments. If you are unsure which material would be best, ask us—our engineers will select the right material for your situation.

Applications


  •  Oilfield hydraulic pistons and rods
  •  Other static or reciprocating applications
  •  High or low temperatures
  •  High or low pressures
  •  Corrosive environments

Benefits


  • Fabricated from custom materials to meet the exact needs of the application.
  • Directly replaces an O-ring in the same size gland (No re-machining or redesign required)
  • Highly resistant to spiral (twisting) failure
  • Highly resistant to extrusion
  • Gives a tight, leak-proof seal
  • Usable with comparatively large extrusion gaps
  • Provides prolonged service
  • Requires minimum maintenance
The following table details the materials that are commonly used to construct O-ring energized seals. 
Material Temperature Range(°F)* Comments and Typical Uses
Nitrile (Buna-N, NBR) -20 to 212 Highly resistant to abrasion and tearing.
Nitrile is the most commonly used elastomer for sealing applications,
and it is the material of choice for petroleum applications.
Hydrogenated nitrile (HNBR) -20 to 300 Compared to nitrile, HNBR has better chemical resistance, better heat
resistance, and better resistance to seal extrusion.

Ethylene-propylene (EPDM)

-60 to 250 Very resistant to ozone.

Neoprene

-40 to 250 Resists both weathering and exposure to petroleum oils
Butyl (isobutylene, IIR) -50 to 250 Extremely low gas permeability; resists a diverse range of chemicals.
Useful in applications requiring an air-tight seal.
Viton® (fluorocarbon, fluoroelastomer) -15 to 400 Better resistance to chemicals and high temperatures than most
other elastomers.
Silicone (VMQ, PVMQ) -150 to 400 Excellent tolerance for temperature extremes, and high resistance to
compression set.
Fluorosilicone (FVMQ, FK) -75 to 400 Tolerant to temperature extremes, and resists degradation by fuel and oils.
Primarily used where resistance to hot, dry conditions is required.
FFKM (perfluoroelastomer) -15 to 600 Highly resistant to many chemicals, and outstanding resistance to
high temperatures
Backup Ring Material

PEEK -100 to 550 A high-modulus material with excellent thermal and mechanical properties..
PPS        -40 to 425R                    Can be machined to tight tolerances. Has the broadest
resistance to chemicals of any advanced engineering plastic.
Is inert to steam, strong bases, fuels, and acid.
Has no known solvent below 392°F and does not absorb moisture.

Nylon

-20 to 210
Tough, and resistant to abrasion. Good resistance to hydrocarbons,
aromatic and aliphatic solvents, common automotive oils and lubricants,
and refrigerants. Items fabricated with nylon can be used without lubrication.

PTFE

-400 to 450
Highly resistant to many chemicals, and can function over a very wide
temperature range. Also resists weathering.
*Temperature ranges given here are approximate; the values relevant to any particular situation depend upon the application. If in doubt, ask us—we will help you design an
O-ring energized seal to meet the temperature tolerance needs of your system.
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